Code of Ethics


Membership in societies, including the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, carries with it implied expectations for ethical behavior. This Code makes explicit principles to guide members in the training of new biologists, obtaining new information, applying the knowledge we already have, and communicating with all segments of society. In accepting the following Code of Ethics, members of SICB agree:

I. They will offer professional advice only on those subjects in which they are informed and qualified through professional training and experience.

2. They will avoid the dissemination of false, erroneous, biased, unwarranted or exaggerated scientific claims; specifically, they will be diligent in exposing and opposing errors and frauds in their area of expertise.

3. They will clearly differentiate between facts, opinions, theories, hypotheses and ideas: they will not mislead students in accord with this Code.

4. They will exercise utmost care in laboratory and field research and teaching to avoid or minimize adverse environmental effects resulting from their presence, activities or equipment. They will sacrifice only those organisms needed to obtain data for professional purposes or to provide specimens for teaching purposes or archival and museum purposes.

5. They will accept compensation for a particular service or report from one source only, except with the full knowledge and consent of all concerned parties.

6. They will neither seek employment, grants or gain nor attempt to injure the reputation or opportunities for employment of another zoologist or scientist in a related profession by false, biased, or undocumented claims or accusations, or by any other malicious action, or by offers of gifts or favors.

7. They will not associate or allow the use of their name on any enterprise known to be illegal, fraudulent or of questionable character.

8. They will keep informed of advances in scientific knowledge and techniques, as well as in related aspects of science and society and will integrate such knowledge and techniques into their professional activities, including teaching.

9. They will not discriminate against others on the basis of sex, creed, religion, sexual preference, disability, race, color, national origin, economic status, cultural mores or organizational affiliation.

10. They will present upon request evidence of their qualifications, including professional training, publication and experience, to any rightful petitioner.

11. They will review the professional work of fellow members and other scientists fairly and in confidence, whether those individuals are subordinates or employees, authors of proposals for grants or contract, authors of technical papers, patents or other publications.

12. They will, in any communication, give full and proper credit to and will avoid misinterpretation of the work and ideas of others.

13. They will assure the rapid interchange and dissemination of scientific information and knowledge.

14. They will accept authorship on published material only for work in which they have participated.

15. They will, within reasonable limits of time and finance, volunteer their special knowledge, skill and training to the public for the benefit of humankind and the environment.

16. They will not engage in any illegal, fraudulent or questionable enterprise that may be contrary to the welfare of the public or the environment.