SICB Division of Invertebrate Zoology (DIZ)

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From the DIZ Researchers Database

Svetlana Maslakova

Evolution of Larval Development in Nemerteans
Nemerteans (Phylum Nemertea) belong to the protostome clade the Trochozoa, which includes annelids, mollusks, sipunculids, echiurids and entoprocts. All trochozoan phyla, except nemerteans, have been shown to possess a trochophore larva characterized by the prototroch, a pre-oral belt of specialized ciliated cells derived from the specific founder cells called the trochoblasts. Prototroch is the primary locomotory organ of many larvae and is also often involved in feeding. Nemerteans possess a wide diversity of larval body plans, but until now no nemertean had been shown to possess a trochophore larva or a prototroch, which hampers comparisons between the larval development of nemerteans and other trochozoans. Members of the nemertean clade Pilidiophora develop via a highly specialized planktonic pilidium larva, which undergoes catastrophic metamorphosis, while members of the sister clade to Pilidiophora - the order Hoplonemertea, and the basal palaeonemerteans have uniformly ciliated "planuliform" larvae, which develop into juvenile without a drastic change of the body plan. The answer to which type of development - with or without pilidium - is primitive for the nemerteans has implications for the evolution and loss of novel complex larval forms (such as pilidium). In collaboration with Mark Martindale (University of Hawaii) and Jon Norenburg (Smithsonian Institution) we used intracellular labeling markers, cLSM and SEM to demonstrate that uniformly ciliated larva of a palaeonemertean Carinoma tremaphoros possesses a hidden prototroch which is derived from the same cell lineage as prototrochs of other Trochozoans. This finding refutes the homology between the pilidium and the so-called larval ectoderm previously reported from some palaeonemertean larvae – the main support for idea that pilidial development is ancestral for the phylum and instead suggests that pilidium is an elaboration on the trochophore groundplan, uniquely derived within nemerteans. Additionally, the inferred ancestral presence of a trochophore in nemerteans fills the gap in the distribution of trochophore larvae among the Trochozoa and allows a meaningful comparison between larval development of nemerteans and other trochozoans.

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Officers & Representatives

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Chair 06/2015-01/2018 John Zardus
Past Chair 01/2015-01/2017 James McClintock
Secretary 01/2013-01/2016 Jonathan Allen
Program Officer 01/2014-01/2017 Bruno Pernet
Student/Postdoc Rep. 01/2014-01/2017 Jenna Moore
Libbie Hyman Memorial Scholarship Committee Chair Jennifer Burnaford

DIZ Memberlist

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Salma Abdel-Raheem   
shai abehsera  Ben gurion university 
Nikki Adams  Cal Polytechnic State Univer 
Diane K Adams  Rutgers University 
Amanda Adams  Ben-Gurion University 
Khaled Adjerid  Virginia Tech 
Aida Adlimoghaddam   
Patrick Akande  Medgar Evers College 
Karin Akre   
Florence Albert-Davie   
Angela Alicea-Serrano   
Bassem Allam  Stony Brook University 
Jonathan Allen  College of William & Mary 
Pablo Allen  University of Florida 
Jean Alupay  University of Southern California 
Cheryl Ames   
Cheryl Ames   
Philip Anderson  Duke University 
Nigel Andrew  University of New England 
Kellen Andrilenas  Boston University 
David R Angelini  Colby College 
Anthony Annunziato  Boston College 
Lina Arcila Hernandez   
Aria Armendariz Peavy  HSU 
Anne Frances Armstrong   
Audrey Aronowsky  The Field Museum 
Sarah Atherton  Univ of Massachusetts Lowell 
Leslie Babonis  University of Florida 
Laura Bagge   
Bonnie Bain  Southern Utah University 
Joseph Bak-Coleman   
James Baker  University of Miami 
Guillaume Balavoine   Institut Jacques Monod 
Michael Baltzley  Western Oregon University 
Adam Balzer   
Austen Barnett   
Seth Barribeau  East Carolina University 
John Barthell  Univ of Central Oklahoma 
Sam Bashevkin  Univ of California Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory 
Benjamin Bastin   
Christopher Bayne  Oregon State University 
Sara Bear Magallanes   
Tsevi Beatus  Cornell University 
Richard Beckwitt  Framingham State University 
Nicolas Bekkouche   
Miriam Ben-Hamo   
Joshua Benoit  University of Cincinnati 
Rebecca Beresic-Perrins  N Arizon Univ 
Daniel Bergman  Grand Valley State University 
Sarah Berke  Siena College 
Jennifer Bernatis  University of Florida 
Celia Beron  University of Texas at Austin 
William Biggers  Wilkes University 
April Bird  Sierra College 
Ruediger Birenheide   
Cory Bishop  St. Francis Xavier University 
Neil Blackstone  Northern Illinois University 
Stefanie Boettger  West Chester Univ 
Samuel Bogan  Dickinson College 
victoria bogantes  auburn university 
Beatrix Boisette  Medgar Evers College 
Sara Boles  University of California, Davi 
Calhoun Bond  Greensboro College 
Charles Booth  Eastern Connecticut State Univ 
Isidro Bosch  SUNY Geneseo 
Paul Bourdeau  Humboldt State University 
Beth Bowers   
Michael Boyle  Smithsonian Marine Station 
Lorenzo Bramanti  CalState University Northridge 
Erin Brandt   
Pamela Brannock   
Matthew Brim   
Geoffrey Broadhead  Cornell University 
Renae Brodie  Mount Holyoke College 
Spencer Brodsky  University of Maryland 
Cecilia Brothers  U. of Alabama-Birmingham 
Stine Brown  University of New England Department of Life Sciences 
Federico Brown  Universidade de Sao Paulo 
William Browne  University of Miami 
Amanda Browne  Bowling Green State University 
Heather Bruce  UC Berkeley 
Mercer Brugler  American Museum of Natural His 
David Buchwalter  North Carolina State Universit 
Pawel Burkhardt  UC Berkeley 
Marie-Helene Burle  Simon Fraser University 
Jennifer Burnaford  California State University Fullerton 
Louis Burnett  College of Charleston 
Nicholas Burnett  UC Berkeley 
Robert Burns  Tufts University 
Mercedes Burns   
Skyler Burrows  Utah State University 
Jorge Bustamante  University of Washington 
Andrew Butz  University of Cincinnati Department of Biological Sciences 
Christine Byrum  College of Charleston 
Abigail Cahill  SUNY Stony Brook 
Abigail Cahill  Aix Marseille Université 
Roy Caldwell  Univ of CA Berkeley 
Robert Andrew Cameron  California Institute of Technology 
Chris Cameron  Universite de Montreal 
Allison Camp   
Deanna Campbell   
Jacob Campbell  Arizona State University 
Eric Campos  University of Washington 
Roxana Capper  University of Texas at Austin 
Tyler Carrier   
Elsie Cecilia Carrillo  UC Berkeley 
Allan Carrillo-Baltodano  Clark University 
Emily Carrington  UW FHL 
Margaret Carroll  Medger Evers College/CUNY 
Paulyn Cartwright  University Kansas 
Luis Castañeda   
Frank L. Castille   
Diego Castro  College of Charleston 
Yessi Castro  Valdosta State University 
Edward Catapane  Medgar Evers College 
Eleanor Caves  Duke University 
Ann Cespedes  University of New Orleans 
Nanette Chadwick  Auburn University 
Roberta Challener  Bellarmine University 
Kit Yu Karen Chan  HKUST 
Ernest Chang  University of California 
Elizabeth Chang   
David Charifson  Stony Brook University 
Corie Charpentier  University of Delaware 
Alba Chavez-Dozal  University of New Mexico 
Yelena Chekayev  Medgar Evers College 
HSIANG-YIN CHEN  Univ. of North Carolina Wilmington 
Alexander Cheroske  Mesa Community College 
Marta Chiodin   
Ariel Chipman  The Hebrew Univ of Jerusalem 
Christine Choi  Dickinson College 
Benson Chow   
Mary Chow   
Ana Christensen  Lamar University 
Kelly Christianson   
Andrew Christie  Univ of Hawaii at Manoa 
Ka Chu  The Chinese University of Hong Kong 
Caitlin Church  University of San Diego 
Nathan Churches   
Celia Churchill  UC Santa Barbara 
Joanna Cielocha  University of Kansas 
Gillian Clague  University of California, Santa Barbara 
John Clamp  North Carolina Central University 
Darragh Clancy  SFSU 
Ximonie Clark  The University of Sydney 
Lee Ann Clements  Jacksonville University 
Kathryn Coates  Bermuda Dept of Cons Services 
Mary Alice Coffroth  University at Buffalo 
C. Sarah Cohen  Romberg Tiburon Center, SFSU 
Sean Colin   
Rachel Collin  STRI 
Allen Collins  Smithsonian Inst, MRC 0163 
Jennifer Collins  Smithsonian Ins, MRC 0163 
Stacey Combes  Harvard University 
Joseph Elliz Comendador  Philippine National Museum 
Jake Connelly   
Sara Conner  University of Louisiana at Lafayette 
Clayton Cook  Harbor Branch Oceanographic @ Florida Atlantic University 
Susan Cook  Ocean Research and Conservation Association (ORCA) 
Sean Copley   
Aaron Corcoran  Wake Forest University 
Sandra Correa  UniversityofCaliforniaRiversid 
Mario Cortes Garcia  Pennsylvania State University 
Randy Coryell  New Mexico State University 
Rickey Cothran  Southwestern Oklahoma St Univ 
Rebecca Cotton   
David Cowles  Walla Walla University 
Keith Crandall  George Washington University 
Rachel Crane  Duke University 
Karen Crawford   
Jose Crespo  University of Utah 
Samuel Crickenberger  Clemson University 
Thomas Cronin  UMBC 
camerron crowder   
camerron crowder   
Laura Crowther  University of San Francisco 
Mariel Cruz  University of Puerto Rico 
John Currea   
Alyssa-Marie Currie  College of Charleston-Grice 
Nicholas Curtis  Ave Maria University 
Judith D'Aleo   
Tiago da Silva Ribeiro   
Thomas L. Daniel  University of Washington Department of Zoology 
Andrea Danihel   
Michael Zachary Darnell  Nicholls State University 
Sunetra Das  Colorado State University 
Goggy Davidowitz  University of Arizona 
Elizabeth Davis-Berg  Columbia College Chicago 
Silas Debacker  Michigan State University 
Sandie M Degnan  University of Queensland 
Danny Delaney  Millikin University 
Marta deMaintenon  U Hawaii at Hilo 
Sarah DePaolo   
Charles Derby  Georgia State University 
Becca Derex  College of Charleston 
Maya deVries  Scripps Inst. of Oceanography 
Maria Diaz  Museo Marino de Margarita 
Bradley Dickerson  University of Washington 
Patsy S. Dickinson  Bowdoin College 
Evelyn Dickinson  Bowdoin College 
Marianne P DiMarco-Temkin  SUNY Canton 
Katie Dobkowski  University of Washington 
Trevor Dolinajec   
Tess Dooley  College of Charleston 
Kelly Dorgan  Dauphin Island Sea Lab 
Lindsey Dougherty  UC Berkeley 
Ellen Dow  Florida International Univeristy 
William L. Downing  Hamline University 
Paul Driver  Georgia Southern University 
Loren Dubose  Medgar Everss College 
Thomas Duda  University of Michigan 
Meghan Duell  Arizona State University 
Elizabeth Duncan  CSU Long Beach 
Casey Dunn  EEB Brown University 
Ashley Duquette   
Mark Eastburn  Villanova University 
Allison Edgar   
Arthur Edison   University of Florida 
Peter Edmunds  California State University 
Sara Edquist  University of New Hampshire 
David Edwards  BGSU 
Leanne Elder   
Andreas Eleftheriou   
Damian Elias  UC Berkeley 
Olaf Ellers  Free Lance 
Joel Elliott  University of Puget Sound 
Emily Ellis   
Richard Emlet  Univ Oregon 
Laura Enzor  U.S. EPA 
David Ernst  UNC-Chapel Hill 
Ignacio Escalante   
Paul Eskridge  University of Arizona 
Tara Essock-Burns   
Dennis Evangelista  University of North Carolina 
Nathaniel Evans  University of Florida 
Christine Ewers  University of Georgia 
Cassandra Extavour  Harvard University 
Vince Fasanello   
Zen Faulkes  U. Texas Rio Grand Valley 
Daphne Gail Fautin  University of Kansas 
Kathryn Feller  University of Maryland, Baltimore County 
Kathryn Feller  UMBC 
William E. Fennel   
Brian Fenske  Michigan State University 
Jamie Fergus  Smithsonian - Natural History 
John Ferguson  Eckerd College 
Sam Ferguson   
Jennifer Fernandes  St Petersburg College - Tarpon Springs Campus 
Matt Ferner  SF Bay NERR 
Joan D. Ferraris  NIH/NHLBI/LKEM 
Fleur Ferro  Denver Community College 
Antje Fischer  Marine Biology Laboratory 
Cera Fisher  University of Connecticut 
Alexander Fodor   
Timothy Fort  Valdosta State University 
Alex Francoeur   
Tamara Frank  Nova Southeastern University 
W. Anthony Frankino   
Amanda Franklin  Tufts University 
Christopher Freeman  Smithsonian Marine Station 
Atsuko Fukunaga  University of Hawaii 
Michael Fulbright  Austin Peay State University 
Robert Full  UC of California at Berkeley 
Jenny Fung  University of Hawaii 
Jennifer Fung   
Megumi Fuse  San Francisco State University 
Mattthew Galaska   
Purnachandra Ganji  Emory University 
Jessica Garb  University of Massachusetts 
Coral Gardner  Southern Utah University 
Anders Garm  University of Copenhagen 
Joel Garrett  Virginia Tech 
Alyssa-Lois Gehman  University of Georgia 
Alyssa Gehman  University of Georgia 
Brad Gemmell   
Matthew George   
Sophie George  Georgia Southern University 
Jamie Gerlach  UNC- Wilmington 
Emma Gibbin  Victoria University 
Victoria Gibbs  Univ of Alabama at Birmingham 
Glenys Gibson  Acadia University 
Cole Gilbert  Cole University 
Sandra Gilchrist  New College of Florida 
Tristan Gilet  University of Liege 
Rhanor Gillette  University of Illinois 
William Gillly  Stanford University 
Casey Gilman  UMass Amherst 
Amy Glazer  SUNY New Paltz 
Amanda Glazier  UMASS Boston 
Hanns Goetzke  University of Cambridge 
Maia Goguen   
Neeraj Gohad  Clemson University 
Jesus Gomez   
Steven Gong  CSU Fresno 
Claire Gonzales  Duke University 
Victor Gonzalez   
Vanessa Gonzalez  Smithsonian 
Jessica Goodheart   
Patricia K. Goodman  IUEM/LEMAR TechnopĂ´le Brest-Iroise/FGCU  
Aaron Goodman  UC Davis 
Terrence Gosliner  California Academy of Sciences 
Katherine Goulder   
Fredric Govedich  Southern Utah University 
Breea Govenar  Rhode Island College 
Rachel Graham  UC Davis 
Alejandro Grajales  AMNH 
Judith Grassle  Rutgers State Univ of NJ 
Frank Grasso  Brooklyn College 
Jessica Gray  Kirschner Lab 
Brenna Green  San Francisco State University & California Academy of Sciences 
Brenna Green  California Academy of Sciences 
Michael Greenberg  Whitney Laboratory (Univ of Florida) 
Michael Greene  University of Colorado Denver 
Emily Greenfest-Allen  University of Pennsylvania 
Brian Gregory   
Susann Grill   
Richard Grosberg  University of California, Davi 
Vladimir Gross   
Bruno Grossi   
Michael Grove  Rowan University 
Daniel Grunbaum   
Roberto Guidetti  Università di Modena e Reggio  
Sander Gussekloo  Wageningen University 
Natalie Haddad   
Steve Haddock  MBARI 
Michael Hadfield  Univ of Hawaii 
Stavros Hadjisolomou  Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York 
Kenneth M. Halanych  Life Sciences Dept 
Emilie Hall  Plymouth University 
Emily Hall   
Christina Hamlet  Tulane University 
Jorg U Hammel  Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht 
Carl S. Hammen   
Steven Hand  Louisiana State Univ 
Shanna Hanes  Martin Methodist College 
Mary Colleen Hannon   
Kristin Hardy  CalPoly, San Luis Obispo 
Mary Harmon  JCCC 
Katherine Harmon  Bowdoin College 
Michael Hart  Simon Fraser University 
Daniel K Hartline  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
William Hatleberg   
Justin Havird  Colorado State University 
Marlee Hayes  UAB 
Hilary Hayford  U Washington 
Elizabeth Heath-Heckman  Univ of Wisconsin-Madison 
Elizabeth Heath-Heckman  UC Berkeley 
Steven Hein  University of Texas at Tyler 
Andreas Hejnol  Sars Centre Marine Molecular Biology 
Bryan Helm  North Dakota State University 
Rebecca Helm  Brown University 
Wendy Helmey-Hartman  University of Florida 
Jackson Helms  University of Oklahoma 
Scottie Henderson  Cerritos College 
Amy Henry  University of Chicago 
Nicholai Hensley   
Miriam Henze   
Henriette Herlant-Meewis   
Colin Hermans  Sonoma State University 
Joseph K. Hichar   
Carole Hickman  UC Berkeley 
Laurel Hiebert   
Terra Hiebert  Oregon Institute of Marine Bio 
Robert P. Higgins   
Jerry Hilbish  University of South Carolina 
John G. Hildebrand  University of Arizona, Dept. of Neuroscience 
Malcolm Hill  University of Richmond 
Susan Hill  Michigan State University 
Joseph Hill   
Anthony Himes  University of New England 
Niels Hobbs  University of Rhode Island 
Jeffrey Hoch  Nova Southeastern University 
Rick Hochberg  U Mass Lowell 
Adele Hochberg  U Mass Lowell 
Edward S. Hodgson   
Jason Hodin  Hopkins Marine Station 
Jennifer Hofmeister   
Kenneth Holford  Purdue North Central 
Eric Holm   
Brenda Hookham   
Alexandra Hooks   
Alexander Hoover  UNC - Chapel Hill 
Gareth Hopkins  Utah State University 
Gareth Hopkins  Utah State University 
Ruma Hoque  Medgar Evers College 
Kevin Horn  Southern Illinois University 
Carly Houlton   
Hsin-Drow Huang  NMNS 
Xin Huang  Georgetown University 
David M Hudson  Atlanta Metropolitan State Col 
Jerome Hui   
Ryan Hulett  CAS/SFSU/UC Berkeley 
William D. Hummon  Ohio University 
Yasmeen Hussain   
Tony Huynh  Univ. of California, Berkeley 
Vance Imhoff  Stephen F. Austin State University 
Steven Irvine  University of Rhode Island 
Haruhiko Itagaki  Kenyon College 
Erika Iyengar  Muhlenberg College 
Vikram Iyengar  Villanova University 
Molly Jacobs  McDaniel College 
William Jaeckle  Illinois Wesleyan University 
William James  University of Alabama at Birmingham 
Amar Jaswa  Michigan State University 
Kaushik Jayaram  Univ. of California Berkeley 
Addy Jean Louis  Medgar Evers College 
Dannielle Jensen  Northern Arizona University 
Karen Jensen  UAB 
Andrea Jerabek   
Houshuo Jiang  Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 
Amy S Johnson  Bowdoin College 
Rebecca Johnson  California Academy of Sciences 
Kaitlin Johnson  Cal Poly, SLO 
Ian Jones  University of Maine, Orono 
barbara Joos  Sable Systems International In 
Darwin Jorgensen  Roanoke College 
Jennifer Jost  Bradley University 
David Julian  Univ of Florida 
Ana Jurcak   
Katsushi Kagaya   
Amanda Kahn  University of Alberta 
Maryam Kamran  Bowling Green State University 
Elizabeth Karan  Harvard University 
Sigrid Katz  SIO 
Daniel Keil  University of Maryland 
Katherine Keil  Smithsonian Institution 
Carl Nick Keiser  University of Pittsburgh 
Amanda Kelley  Portland State University 
Stephen Kempf  Auburn University 
Carly Kenkel  UT Austin 
Melissa Kenny   
Carolyn Keogh  University of Georgia 
Benji Kessler   
William Kier  UNC - Chapel Hill 
Morgan Kilgour   
Taewon Kim  Monterey Bay Aquarium Res Inst 
Alexandra Kingston  UMBC 
Madeline Kinsey   
John Kirwan   
Kelly Kissane   
Marleen Klann   
Thomas Scott Klinger  Bloomsburg University 
CJ Klok  Arizona State University 
Justin Knoll   
Kayla Knoll  Northern Michigan University 
Emily Knott  Univ of Jyvaskyla 
Robert Knowlton  GWU 
Vanessa Knutson  San Francisco State University and California Academy of Sciences 
Markus Koch  University of Bonn 
Mimi Koehl  Univ. of California, Berkeley 
Joris Koene  VU University Amsterdam 
Alan Kohn  University of Washington 
Alan J. Kohn   
Azar Kordbacheh   
Kostya Kornev  Clemson University 
Ellen Kosman  Florida State University 
Andrew Kraemer  University of Idaho 
Anita Krause  Iowa State University 
Christina Kugeares  St Petersburg College 
Dian-Han Kuo  National Taiwan University 
Akela Kuwahara  Humboldt State University 
Christina Kwapich  Florida State University  
Michael LaBarbera  University of Chicago Organismal Biology & Anatomy 
Kisha LaFleur  Medgar Evers College 
Sara Lahman  Bowling Green State University 
Harry H. Laidlaw  University of California, Davis Department of Entomology 
David Lambert  Rochester 
Matthew Landau   
Adolfo Lara   
Don Larson   
Diana LaScala-Gruenewald  Hopkins Marine Station 
Howard Lasker  University at Buffalo 
Mara Laslo   
Christopher Laumer  Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology 
Dennis Lavrov   
Ronald Lawler   
Hilary Lease  Whitman College 
Francesca Leasi   
Erik Lehnert   
Mark Lehtonen  College of Charleston 
Esther Leise  UNCG Dept of Biology 
Howard M. Lenhoff   
Petra Lenz  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
Janet Leonard  University of California-Santa Cruz 
Michael Lesser  University of New Hampshire 
Nicolas Lessios  Arizona State University 
Harilaos Lessios  Smithsonian Tropical Research  
Mark Levine-Weinberg   
Brianna Levinson  University of California, SD 
Don Levitan  Florida State Univ 
Oren Levy   
Sally Leys  University of Alberta 
Alyssa Liguori  Stony Brook University 
Lisa Limeri  University of Pittsburgh 
Hui-Chen Lin  Tunghai University Department of BIology 
Huai-Ti Lin  HHMI Janelia Research Campus 
Chan Lin  UMBC 
David Richard Lincicome   
David Lindberg  University of California 
Annie Lindgren  Portland State University 
Sara Lindsay  University of Maine 
Christina Linkem  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
Morgan Linney   
Hanlin Liu   
Danielle Liubicich  Los Medanos College 
David Lizarraga  CSU Long Beach 
John H. Lochhead   
Jacob Lockey  Case Western Reserve 
Kenneth Lohmann  University of North Carolina 
Skye Long  University of Massachusetts 
Nicole Lopanik  Georgia State University 
Giancarlo Lopez-Martinez  New Mexico State University 
Eric Lovely  Arkansas Tech University 
Donald Lovett  Dept of Biology, The College of NJ 
Kaitlyn Lowder   
Elijah Lowe  Michigan State University 
Danielle Ludeman  University of Alberta 
Tim Ludington  Bowling Green State University 
Shawn Luttrell  University of Washington 
Jeremy Lynch  UIC 
Deidre Lyons  Duke University 
John Maddux  University of Illinois at U-C 
Casey Magana   
Andrew Mahon  Central Michigan University 
Max Maliska  Univ of Washington 
Robert Manley  New College of Florida 
Linda Mantel   
Clark Marino  UNCW 
Kelly Markello   
Andres Marmol  Universidad Cátolica Ecuador 
Katie Marshall  University of British Columbia 
Gary Martin  Occidental College 
Arthur Martin  Saginaw Valley State University 
Spencer Mass  SUNY New Paltz 
Shayle Matsuda  California Academy of Sciences 
Kenan Matterson  UAB 
David Matus  Duke University 
Mikhail Matz  University of Texas at Austin 
William Mausbach  Oklahoma State University 
Melissa May  University of Maine 
Melissa Mayol  Muhlenberg College 
Maria Mazzillo Mays  Auburn University 
Justin McAlister  College of the Holy Cross 
Sarah McAnulty  University of Connecticut 
William McBlair   
Michael Mccann  Stony Brook University 
Marion McClary  Fairleigh Dickinson 
James McClintock  UAB 
Eric McCloud   
John McConaugha  Old Dominion University 
Kyle McCulloch  Univ. of California, Irvine 
John McDermott  Franklin and Marsh College 
Tamara McGovern  Limestone College 
Matthew J McHenry  U. C. Irvine 
Damhnait McHugh  Colgate University 
Amberle McKee  University of Calif., Irvine 
Seabird McKeon  Smithsonian Marine Station 
Shelley McLarty   
Scott Medler  SUNY Fredonia 
Scott Medler   
Nalong Mekdara  CSU Fresno 
Lorenzo Menzel  University of Florida 
David Merritt  The University of Queensland 
Rachel Merz  Swarthmore College 
Eli Meyer  Oregon State University 
Christopher Meyer  Smithsonian NMNH 
Abrial Meyer   
Christian Millan-Hernandez  Interamrican University of PR 
E. Morton Miller   
Laura Miller  University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill 
Luke Miller  San Jose State University 
Abraham Miller  Univ of Tampa 
Robert Miranda  Univ of Incarnate Word 
Tetsuto Miyashita  University of Alberta 
Nuzhat Z Momin  Clayton State University 
Richard Mooi  California Academy of Sciences 
T. Aran Mooney  Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst. 
T. Aran Mooney  Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst. 
Paul Moore  Bowling Green U 
Jenna Moore  Florida Museum of Natural History 
Sara Moore   
Shiala Morales   
Amy Moran  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
Corrie Moreau  Field Museum of Natural History 
Nathan Morehouse  University of Pittsburgh 
Steven Morgan  University of California Davis 
gen morinaga  Clark University 
Leonid Moroz  University of Florida 
Christine Morrow   
M. Patricia Morse   
Beth Mortimer   
Morgan Mouchka  Cornell University 
Logan Mullen   
Tonya Muller   
Lauren Mullineaux   
Angelica Munguia   
Yonatan Munk  University of Washington 
Catriona Munro   
Emily Murakami   
James Murray  Cal State East Bay 
Barbara Musolf  Clayton State University 
Laura Mydlarz  University of Texas 
Emily Mydlowski  Northern Michigan University 
Lisa Nagy  University of Arizona 
Savithri Nair  Clemson University 
Nagayasu Nakanishi  University of Queensland 
Erica Namigai   
Annalise M. Nawrocki   
Brian Nedved  Univ of Hawaii Dept Zoology/PBRC 
Katherine Nesbit  University of North Carolina  
Courtney Neumeyer  University of North Texas 
Laura Newcomb   
Stephanie Nicholas   
Scott Nichols  University of Denver 
Matthew Nicotra  University of Pittsburgh 
Alexandria Niebergall   
Julia Nikrad   
Sukkrit Nimitkul  UC Davis 
Michele Nishiguchi  New Mexico State University 
Jon Norenburg  Smithsonian Institution 
Julia Notar  UCLA 
Ahmed Nuhar  Medgar Evers College 
Michael O'Donnell  Friday Harbor Laboratories 
Todd Oakley  UC Santa Barbara 
Jumoike Ogunnoiki  Medgar Evers College 
Julia Olszewski  UNC Chapel Hill 
Kirt Onthank  Walla Walla University 
Jeb Owen  Washington State University 
Fernanda Oyarzun  UCSC Chile 
Busra Ozpolat  University of Maryland 
Dianna K. Padilla  Stony Brook University 
Louise Page  Univ of Victoria 
Jonathan Page  University of Oxford 
Michal Pakes  UC Berkeley 
Emmanuelle Pales Espinosa  Stony Brook University 
A. Richard Palmer  University of Alberta 
Molly Pankey  UCSB 
Mary Parks  Colby College 
Austin Parrin  Northern Illinois University 
Yale Passamaneck  Kewalo Marine Lab 
Sheila Patek  Duke University 
Anthony Patelunas   
Ash Pathak  Penn State University 
Gustav Paulay  University of Florida 
John S. Pearse  University of California Santa Cruz Institute of Marine Sciences 
Vicki Pearse   
Jan Pechenik  Tufts University 
Gwen Pelletier  Univ New England 
Kelly Pennoyer   
Mary-Alice Perdichizzi   
RACHEL PEREZ  New Mexico Institute of Mining 
Bruno Pernet  California State Univ/Long Beach 
Elizabeth Perotti  Univ of Hawaii 
Erica Perry  San Francisco State University 
Mario Pestarino  Dip.Biologia-Universita di Genova 
Michael Peterson  UC Berkeley 
Katie Peterson   
Nadine Peyri  CNRS 
Joseph Pfaller   
Michael Phelps   
Nicole Phillips  Victoria University of Wellington 
Mark Phuong  UCLA 
Natasha Picciani  UC Santa Barbara 
Nicholas Piedmonte   
Sidney Pierce  Univ South Florida 
Natalie Pilakouta  University of Edinburgh 
John F. Pilger  Agnes Scott College 
Tania Pineda-Enriquez  University of Florida 
Jorge Pinzon  U of Texas Arlington 
Anthony Pires  Dickinson College 
Marina Piscitelli  UBC 
Sean Place  U South Carolina 
David Plachetzki  University of New Hampshire 
Rachel Plunkett  Florida Atlantic University 
Robert Podolsky  College of Charleston 
Delyle T Polet  University of Alberta 
Megan Porter  University of South Dakota 
Mickie Powell  UAB 
Thomas Powell  University of Florida 
Jason S Presnell  University of Miami 
John Pringle  Stanford University 
Tamara Pulpitel   
Judit Pungor   
Hollie Putnam  University of Hawaii 
Michael Quinlan  Midwestern University Department of Physiology 
Diego Quirola   
Clifton Ragsdale  University of Chicago 
Desmond Ramirez  UCSB 
Sridhar Ravi   
Paul Rawson  University of Maine School of Marine Sciences 
JeAnna Redd  University of Central Oklahoma 
Niamh Redmond  Smithsonian Institution 
Christopher Reeve  Walla Walla University 
Kathleen Reinsel  Wittenberg University 
Karen Zich Reiss  College of the Redwoods 
John Reiss  Humboldt State University Department of Biology 
Annie Jean Rendleman   
Corey Rennolds   
Carlee Resh  Long Island University 
Miguel Reyes  Clark University 
Patrick Reynolds  Hamilton College 
Michael A. Rice  University of Rhode Island 
Earl R. Rich  University of Miami Department of Biology 
Courtney Richmond  Rowan University 
Jeff Riffell  University of Washington 
Megan Riley  University of South Carolina 
Raphael Ritson-Williams  University of Hawaii 
Daniel Rittschof  Duke University Marine Lab 
Ajna Rivera  University of the Pacific 
Jose Rivera  UMET Puerto Rico 
Trevor Rivers  Bowdoin College 
John L. Roberts  University of Massachusetts, Amherst Department of Biology 
Sonia Roberts  University of Pennsylvania 
Beryl Roberts   
Eve Robinson  Univ of Hawai'i at Manoa 
Jeff Robinson  Dartmouth College 
Noel Robson   
Meghan Rock  California State University: Monterey Bay 
Matthew Rockman  NYU - CGSB 
Morris Rockstein   
Pedro Augusto Rodrigues   
Estefania Rodriguez  Am Museum of Nat History 
Keisha Rogers  Medgar Evers College 
D. Christopher Rogers  Kansas Biological Survey 
Rhiannon Rognstad  Univ of So California 
Chris Roh   
Marissa Roman   
Karah Roof   
Peter Roopnarine  CAL ACAD SCI 
Emily Rose   
Emily Rose   
Emily Rose   
Darcy Ross   
Gregory Rouse   
Tania Rozario   
Taylor Rupp  Saginaw Valley State Univ. 
Avery Russell   
Joseph Ryan   
Mary Beth Saffo   
Kenneth S. Saladin  Georgia College and State Univ. Dept. of Biological & Environ. Sci. 
Timothy Salazar  University of Chicago 
Michael Salmon  Florida Atlantic University Department of Biological Sciences 
Julia Samson  UNC Chapel Hill 
Allen Sanborn  Barry University 
Steven Sanders   
Elischa Sanders  University of Washington 
Thomas Sandor   
David Sandstrom  University of Maryland, USG 
Rachel Sanford  University of Florida 
Scott Santagata  Long Island University-Post 
Arvind Santhanakrishnan  Oklahoma State University 
Bernardo Santos  American Museum of Natural His 
Daniel Sasson   
Sara Sawyer  Glenville State College 
John Scarpa  Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi 
Sandra Schachat   
Rudolf Schilder   
Josef Schmitz  Bielefeld University 
Christine Schnitzler  NHGRI/National Institutes of Health 
David Scholnick  Pacific University 
Nicholas Schomburg  Salem State University 
Julie Schram   
Julie Schram   
George Schulte  Truman State University 
Tom Schultz  Denison University 
Anja Schulze   
Daniel Schwab  Indiana University 
Anthony Scibelli  Tufts University 
Justin Scioli  UC San Diego 
Kenneth Sebens  University of Washington 
Jeanne Serb  Iowa State University 
Davin Setiamarga  The University of Tokyo 
Brett Seymoure  Arizona State University 
Paul Shamble  Cornell University 
Osman Sharifi  CSU East Bay 
Osman Sharifi  CSU East Bay 
Prashant Sharma  AMNH 
Neelima Sharma   
Elizabeth Sheets   
Matan Shelomi  University of California-Davis 
Truman Sherk   
Vonnie Shields  Towson University 
Carissa Shipman  California Academy of Sciences 
Kartick Shirur  University of Mississippi 
Caitlin Shishido   
Stanley Shostak  University of Pittsburgh 
Stephen Shuster  Northern Arizona University 
Julia Sigwart  Queen's University Belfast 
James Sikes  University of San Francisco 
Vania Simmons  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
Jarid Simons   
Justin Skinner   
Rachel Slatyer  University of Melbourne 
Leah Sloan  University of Alaska Fairbanks 
Juliet Slutzker  Bowling Green State University 
Juliet Slutzker  Bowling Green State University 
Delbert Smee   
Julian Smith  Winthrop University 
Amanda Smith  Illinois Wesleyan University 
Frank Smith  UNC Chapel Hill 
Hilary Smith  University of Notre Dame 
Anna Smith   
Samantha Smoot  Auburn U 
Ashleigh Smythe  Virginia Military Institute 
Tara Snyder  Montclair State University 
amanda sobel   
Jake Socha  Virginia Tech 
Kenneth Soda  Florida State University 
Inna Sokolova  Univ of North Carolina at Charlotte 
Vanna Sombatsaphay   
Sarah Song  College of Charleston 
Cascade Sorte   
Diara Spain  Dominican U of CA 
Daniel Speiser  University of South Carolina 
Andrew Spence  Temple University 
Larry Spencer  Plymouth State University 
Erik Sperling  Stanford University 
Narrissa Spies  University of Hawaii at Manoa 
Simon Sponberg  Georgia Tech 
Carlen Stacy  University of Texas Arlington 
Meredith Stanhope  Bowdoin College 
Daniel Stanton  University of Florida 
Alyssa Stark  University of Louisville 
Matthew Starr  University of Louisiana at Laf 
Matthew Steffenson  Adams State University 
Connor Stein   
Kirsten Steinke   
Bailey Steinworth   
David Stern  The George Washington Univ. 
Summer Stevens   
Irene Steves  UC Berkeley 
Brent Stoffer   
Miranda Strasburg   
Richard R. Strathmann  University of Washington 
James Strother  Janelia Farm Research Campus 
Alexander Stubbs  Univ of California, Berkeley 
Meghan Sturgill  McDaniel College 
Katelyn Suchyta  Bowdoin College 
Christie Sukhdeo  University of New Orleans 
Mindi Summers  Scripps Inst. of Oceanography 
Lauren Sumner-Rooney  Queen's University Belfast 
Robin Sunsong  Univ of Incarnate Word 
Robin Sunsong  Univ of Incarnate Word 
Abhinav Sur  Clark University 
Kelly Sutherland  University of Oregon 
Billie Swalla  University of Washington 
Eli Swanson  University of Minnesota 
Alison Sweeney  University of Pennsylvania 
Josh Swore  University of Washington 
Daniel Symonds  University of Texas at Tyler  
Kimberly Takagi  University of Georgia 
David Tapley  Salem State University 
Ann Tarrant   
Michael Tassia  Auburn University 
Jennifer Taylor  UC San Diego 
Paula Teichholtz   
Michael Temkin  St Lawrence Univ 
Nora Terwilliger  Univ of Oregon OIMB 
Robert Thacker  Stony Brook University 
Jamie Theobald  Florida International Universi 
Florence Thomas  Univ of Hawaii 
William Thomas  University of HawaiÊ»i 
Joseph Thompson  Franklin and Marshall College 
Larry Thompson   
Kevin Thonkulpitak   
Ben Thorne   
Ann Tierney  Colgate University Department of Psychology 
Matt Tietbohl  Wake Forest University 
Andrea Tilden  Colby College 
Sophia Tintori   
Trevor Tivey   
James Townsend  University of Pennsylvania 
Stacy Trackenberg   
Cawa Tran  Stanford University 
Terry Trier  Grand Valley State University 
Rebecca Trinh   
Cynthia Trowbridge  Oregon Institute of Marine Biology 
Lisa Truong  Wellesley College 
Brian Tsukimura  California State Univ Fresno 
Richard L. Turner  Florida Institute of Technology 
Betty M. Twarog   
Kenyon S. Tweedell  University of Notre Dame Department of Biological Sciences 
Nicole Uibel  Cal Poly San Luis Obispo 
Theodore Uyeno  Valdosta State University 
Daisuke Uyeno   
Alberto Valero-Gracia  Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn 
Jacob Valk  Occidental College 
Linnea van Griethuijsen  Tufts University 
Leigh M. Van Valen  University of Chicago Department of Ecology & Evolution 
Lauren Vandepas  University of Washington 
Maria Vasquez  University of Florida 
Isabelle Vea  Nagoya University 
Tomer Ventura  Uni of Sunshine Coast 
E. Alan Verde  Maine Maritime Academy 
Kristina Vetter   
Steven Viar  McDaniel College 
Michael Vickers   
Sacha Vignieri  AAAS/Science 
Carl Vitzthum   
Steven Vogel  Duke University 
Kristen Vollrath   
Janice Voltzow  Univ of Scranton 
Yasmin von Dassow  Duke University Marine Lab 
Amber Von Tungeln  CSU Long Beach 
Damien Waits  Auburn University 
Amelia Walcek  Ben-Gurion University 
Lindsay Waldrop  UC Merced 
Sean Walker   
Robert Wallace  Ripon College 
Janaee Wallace   
Elizabeth Walsh   
Keith Walters  Coastal Carolina University 
Linda Walters  Univ of Central Florida 
Verena Wang  UNC Wilmington 
Lingyu Wang  University of Miami 
James S Waters  Providence College 
Mark Webster  Univ of Chicago 
Katie Webster  Auburn University 
Nicole Webster  University of Alberta 
Doriane Weiler  University of California, Berk 
Kelly Weinersmith   
Alexis Weinnig  Temple University 
Virginia M Weis  Oregon State University 
David Weisblat  UC Berkeley 
Amelia Weiss   
James Welch  Wittenberg University 
Christopher Welsh  Medgar Evers College 
Terry West  East CArolina University 
Erica Westerman  University of Chicago 
David S Wethey  U South Carolina 
Nathan Whelan   
Elizabeth Whitehill   
Naveen Wijesena  University of Florida 
Athula Wikramanayake  University of Miami 
Jason Williams  Southern Illinois University 
Patricka Williams  Medgar Evers College 
Pamela Windsor  University of Alberta 
Colleen Winstead   
Judith Ellen Winston  Smithsonian Marine Staton 
Astrid Wittmann  Colorado State University 
Donna Wolcott  NC State Univ 
Thomas Wolcott  North Carolina State University Department of MEAS 
Allan Wolfe  Lebanon Valley Col 
Wey Lim Wong  University of Kiel 
Hannah Wood   
Sarah A. Woodin  Univ of SC 
Katrine Worsaae  University of Copenhagen 
William Wright  Chapman Univ 
Mary Wright  UC Berkeley 
Janie Wulff  Florida State Univ 
Russell Wyeth  St Francis Xavier University 
zhihua xiao   
Nicole Xu  Caltech 
Kakani Young  Monterey Bay Aquar. Research Inst. 
Jr-Kai Yu  Academia Sinica 
Pauline Yu  UC-Santa Barbara 
Louis Zachos  University of Mississippi 
Christina Zakas  New York University 
William Zamer  Ntnl Science Fndtn 
Megan Zappe  UA Birmingham 
John Zardus  The Citadel 
Eduardo E Zattara  Indiana University 
Yu Zeng  UC Berkeley 
Xinhui Zhang  UCLA 
Min Zhong   
Russel Zimmer  U. Southern California 
Andrew Zink  San Francisco State University 
Robert Zinna