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Animal Behavior
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Invertebrate Zoology
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Systematic and Evolutionary Biology
Vertebrate Morphology

Division of Invertebrate Zoology (DIZ): 1999 Spring Newsletter

Quoy's Conus from Quoy and Gaimard (1830). The first published illustration of an intact, living Conus, submitted by Alan J. Kohn.

This Newsletter by Section


Message from the Chair

Daphne Fautin


Much has happened in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology lately, as the accompanying pages attest. So I shall delay the second part of my analysis of invertebrate zoology in North America for next time. Suffice now to say I was gratified by feedback on the first installment, a clear demonstration that people do read this newsletter. One of the comments was that I had put the upper size of invertebrate zoology classes too low - at least one class has 75-100 students each time IZ is taught!

DIZ members will be saddened to learn of the death of Kerry Clark, one of the most active invertebrate zoologists in the United States. Kerry regularly attended the SICB Annual Meeting to participate as a research scientist and to promote his educational software. His computer skills were put to work by the Society - he presented a useful and imaginative session on web-based teaching resources at a workshop that I organized for the meeting in Boston last year. He then became webmaster for SICB. I will miss his good humor and great energy, and I know many of you will, too. I am grateful to Paula Mikkelsen for writing the accompanying tribute to Kerry.

Thanks go to Vicki Pearse for ably heading the Nominating Committee - it's not as easy as it looks! Members of that committee were current program officer Damhnait McHugh and past chair Jim Carlton. I thank them for their efforts as well as for finding wonderful candidates: Rachel Merz and Craig Young for chair-elect, and Alissa Arp and Larry McEdward for program officer. I encourage you all to carefully read their statements and vote.

Damhnait McHugh has been doing triple duty lately. In addition to her roles as program officer and member of the Nominating Committee, she substituted for me at the Annual Meeting in Denver. (I was at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, to take the training course "Integrative Biology and Adaptation of Antarctic Marine Organisms.") Please read her summary of the meeting. I appreciate, more than I can say, all you have done and are continuing to do for DIZ and SICB, Damhnait!

Penny Barnes coordinated judging of the student presentation competition this year; her summary of that contest appears below. Penny continued the tradition of refining the organization and application of the very important activity of selecting the recipients of the Best Student Presentation awards. After closely examining the rules for the competition, she suggested some bylaws changes to bring the rules more in line with what has been empirically demonstrated to be good practice. Please read the suggestions carefully and vote on them at the next business meeting at the Annual Meeting in Atlanta.

Gordon Hendler, too, has been looking closely into rules and practice. He coordinates the Libbie Hyman Scholarship award. As the competition has gotten stiffer and people tend to experience marine labs earlier and earlier in their careers, he wondered about having two awards, one for undergraduates and one for graduate students. I think this is a marvelous idea - all it will take to make it a reality is money! SICB started the ball rolling by transferring the small amount left at the end of the year in the DIZ budget into the Libbie Hyman Scholarship Fund. Thanks for your thoughtfulness and effort on behalf of future invertebrate zoologists, Gordon, and thanks for priming the pump! I urge all of you to consider Gordon's statement and help make this proposal a reality.


Message from the Program Officer

Damhnait McHugh


Major programming changes will come into effect for our Jan. 4-8, 2000 Annual Meeting in Atlanta. Following the recommendation of the Program Advisory Committee, the divisional program officers discussed and agreed to adopt a topic-based organization of the Atlanta program. This means that all abstracts will be scheduled in topic-based sessions. Contributors will be able to choose from a long list of topics on the abstract submittal forms. Divisional sessions will not be scheduled, although divisional program officers (POs) will take responsibility for scheduling topical sessions in which their division is primarily represented. We hope that this new programming approach, in which the divisional POs will work closely with the Society PO, John Pearse, will reduce the scheduling conflicts that we all encounter at the Annual Meeting. We have all done our fair share of running between rooms to catch talks in different divisional sessions! We also hope that a topic-based approach to scheduling will better foster the integrative and comparative missions of our Society.

As we move from divisional sessions, I would like to retain divisional identification of contributions from DIZ members in the program. If you have an idea for a small, distinctive icon by which our contributions could be highlighted in the Final Program and Abstracts, please contact me!

Those of us that made it to Denver in January enjoyed a great meeting! We had over 40 contributed papers in DIZ sessions and 20 DIZ posters; I am happy to report that student participation was as strong as ever and accounted for almost a third of the contributions in both categories. Invertebrate biologists also featured strongly in the Systematics and Evolutionary Biology sessions and some of the interdivisional sessions. The DIZ-sponsored symposium on asteroid evolution drew a good crowd, and the symposium honoring Alan J. Kohn was also very well-attended. Division-sponsored symposia like these are the backbone of every meeting, and I strongly encourage all of you to consider organizing a symposium or workshop for the 2001 meeting in Chicago. Keep in mind that the deadline for submitting proposals is June 7. If you have ideas for a symposium or workshop, either divisional or Society-wide, please contact me or John Pearse as soon as possible. We will do all we can to help. Also, please relay to me any comments or suggestions you have about our new programming plan. I'm looking forward to hearing from you!

With our new programming approach, we are also pushing towards a more fully electronic scheduling system. As part of this push, all abstracts must be submitted electronically as of this year. The deadline for abstract submission for the Atlanta 2000 meeting is August 13, 1999. In Atlanta, invertebrate biology will be featured in symposia on:

  • "Antarctic Marine Biology"
  • "Nitric Oxide in the Invertebrates: Comparative Physiology and Diverse Functions"
  • "Osmoregulation: An Integrated Approach"
  • "Swimming in Opisthobranch Mollusks: Contributions to Control of Motor Behavior"

Hope you can all be there!


Message from the Secretary

Susie Balser


This newsletter marks the beginning of a transitional period that will lead to a greater reliance on electronic transmission of divisional and societal business. Although I, like the cast of Star Trek, am nostalgic for the printed word, this experiment in converting our communications to an electronic format will potentially have positive and exciting effects on DIZ. The Society will save tens of thousands of dollars in printing and mailing costs -- funds which perhaps could be redirected to areas of higher priority such as student support, the Grants-in-Aid program and reduced meeting cost for all members. Additionally, the electronic format will allow for greater diversity in what we offer the membership. Like the SICB web page, future newsletters could provide links to other sites with expanded information on particular topics. For example, the listings of summer courses could be linked to the home page for these courses or Gordon Hendler's report on the Libbie H. Hyman Scholarship could be linked directly to application information. Posting the newsletter on the web also allows a readership outside the Society and will possibly generate interest (and membership) in SICB.

As with the introduction of any new system, problems may occur. DIZ members are encouraged to contact me (sbalser@titan.iwu.edu) or the business office with concerns, comments and suggestions. The SICB business office will track the readership for this spring's newsletter. During the SICB division secretaries business meeting, the business office requested feedback from the divisions. Comments concerning the newsletter (and the electronic publication), as well as any inquires or complaints about SICB, can be sent to the business office via the "Business Office Feedback" button on the bottom of this page.

During both the SICB and DIZ business meetings, those in attendance were reminded of the task forces on education, science and governance and the importance of the input of the task forces to the strategic planning for the future of SICB. DIZ members are strongly encouraged to follow the progress of these task forces and offer suggestions and comments. Information about each task force can be found by accessing the "What's New" button on the SICB home page.


Eulogy For Kerry Bruce Clark


Paula Mikkelsen, Assistant Curator of Malacology, American Museum of Natural History

Dr. Kerry Bruce Clark, professor of biological sciences at the Florida Institute of Technology (Melbourne) and fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, died unexpectedly Sunday morning, Jan. 10, 1999, of apparent heart failure. Kerry's research focused on the biology of opisthobranch molluscs, including their physiology and ecological role in marine ecosystems. His publications, most notably on opisthobranch biodiversity, reproductive biology, systematics and algal symbioses, appeared in a wide variety of venues. He was an equally active promoter of computerized tutorial techniques in biological sciences, especially video imaging, 3-D modeling, and software development, including "Metazoa," an award-winning CD-ROM exploration of invertebrate zoology. His students and colleagues will recall with fondness his eclectic sense of humor, his enthusiastic love of the variety of marine invertebrates, his junkets to Lake Surprise (Florida Keys), his favorite collecting device (the "Clark Sucker"), and his office door ("Museum of Bidimensional Zoology"). His family has asked that memorial contributions be made to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, 6000 Executive Blvd., Suite 309, Rockville, MD 20852.


Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship


Gordon Hendler, Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship Committee Chair

The Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship of the Division of Invertebrate Zoology provides a career boost for aspiring students of invertebrate biology that is out of proportion to the size of the award. It is indeed a cornerstone in the legacy that SICB and DIZ offers to the upcoming generation of invertebrate biologists. The scholarship supports students taking courses or conducting research at a field station for the first time.

Currently, the annual scholarship is awarded to either one advanced undergraduate or to a beginning graduate student. Thus, in every scholarship cycle an excruciating choice must be made between encouraging an extraordinary undergraduate OR a remarkable young graduate student. With your help, an annual award could be made to both one undergraduate and to one graduate student.

The fund now contains nearly $15,000. The annual interest paid to this amount (almost $1,000 per year) is dedicated to the scholarship ($700 per year) and added to the principal ($300 per year). If most Society members made even a modest donation of only $20 to the scholarship, we could double the size of the fund and award two scholarships each year. Will you please help? Please send your contributions, large or small to: SICB Business Office, Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship Fund, 401 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611-4267. Checks should be made payable to SICB and marked as a "Contribution to the Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship Fund."


Best Student Paper Awards


Penelope Barnes

The DIZ Best Student Paper/Poster Competition at the 1999 Annual Meeting in Denver had 21 entries, consisting of seven posters and 14 oral presentations. The 1999 Best Student Poster Award went to Jan Locke of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc. and the University of Toronto, for her poster entitled "A Statocyst Within the Clitellata." A second prize was not awarded in the poster category.

This year, two oral presentations tied for first place. The winners were Erika Iyengar of Cornell University, who spoke on "Incidence and Importance of Kleptoparasitism to the Marine Snail Trichotropis Cancellata" and Daniel McCarthy of Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution and Kings College London, who spoke on "Intertidal and Subtidal Larval Recruitment of the Reef-Building Polychaete, Phragmatopoma Lapidosa." A second prize in the oral presentation category was not awarded this year.

In addition to a certificate of award, first place is awarded (in each poster and paper competition) a gift certificate for $50 worth of books from a publisher, $100 cash and a free membership (at student rate) for a year in SICB and American Microscopical Society (AMS). Second place winners receive a year's membership in SICB and AMS.

The Adrian Wenner Strong Inference Award of $100 was made to Erika Iyengar, one of the co-winners of the first place award for the Best Student Paper (see above).

Congratulations to our three winners! Thanks for all their hard work go to this year's judges: Alissa Arp, Chuck Booth, Sid Bosch, Kathy Coates, David Lindberg, Jim McClintock, Damhnait McHugh, Patricia Morse, Dianna Padilla, Louise Page, Vicki Pearse, Patrick Reynolds and Craig Young.

DIZ acknowledges and thanks John Wiley and Sons and Oxford University Press for their sponsorship of the Best Student Presentation Awards.


Check Out Summer Courses in Invertebrate Biology




Minutes of the DIZ Divisional Meeting


The meeting was called to order on Jan. 9, 1999, in Denver by program officer Damhnait McHugh. She relayed apologies from the chair, Daphne Fautin, who was in Antarctica at the time of the meeting. SICB president Martin Feder addressed DIZ members and thanked them for attending and contributing to a great meeting. He commented on the recent problems concerning response (or lack thereof) to electronic messages and other queries sent to the SICB business office and assured the constituency that prompt action was directed towards solving these problems. Of interest were his remarks about the goals of current strategic planning and the evaluation and adoption of future priorities and long range plans that impact the division and the Society. To this end, he asked that DIZ members contribute thoughts, complaints and opinions to the three task forces on education, science and governance. These task forces have a web site listing with a series of questions (which can be accessed via the SICB web page), and comments can be sent directly to task force members.

The minutes from the previous DIZ business meeting in Boston in January of 1998, as published in the Spring 1998 issue of SICB News, were approved.

Health of the Division
The financial report given by Damhnait McHugh indicates that the division is running in the black and that $184 remained at the end of the year. Next year's budget allocation is $2,490. A question is raised as to the possibility of contributing the year's end remainder of the budget to the Libbie H. Hyman Memorial Scholarship. Damhnait states that she will discuss this with Daphne Fautin.

Health of SICB
Financially, the Society is healthy and even more so with the generous bequest of Charlotte Mangum for assistance to students attending the Annual Meetings. The Denver meeting drew 1,029 attendees with 700 contributed abstracts. This attendance number is 200 less than those attending the Boston meeting. Additionally, the International Society for Reef Studios chose not to meet with SICB this year.

John Edwards, University of Washington, replaces James Hanken as the new editor of American Zoologist. At the time of the meeting 259 members had renewed their DIZ membership, which is less than the 350 renewals of last year. However, the closing date for renewing membership was Jan. 11, and the decrease may reflect those waiting for the pressure of the deadline.

Libbie H. Hyman Scholarship Committee
Gordon Hendler reports a successful cycle of proposals for 1998 and the awarding of the scholarship to Kai-jung Chi. The scholarship provided a significant opportunity for this graduate student and allowed her to establish and expand her Ph.D. project. The deadline for 1999 proposals is March 8. Announcements and information about the scholarship can be found on fliers at this meeting and at the meetings of the Western Society of Naturalists, and in Invertebrate Biology. Gordon asked that a button for scholarships be added to the SICB web page and that the Libbie H. Hyman Scholarship is listed with other SICB awards.

The current principal for the scholarship is $15,000, which earns approximately $1,000 per year. Of this amount, $700 is awarded to one student to conduct research or participate in a class at a field station. The remainder is added to the principal. Gordon appeals to the membership to provide additional donations so that two awards are possible -- one for an advanced undergraduate and one for a first or second year graduate student. John Pilger states that the Educational Council sees the scholarship as an education opportunity and perhaps the SICB president could be persuaded to add to the endowment.

Acknowledgments
Damhnait, on behalf of the division, extends our thanks to Beth LeClair, representative to the Pubic Affairs Committee and to Shea Tuberty, Student/Postdoctoral Affairs Committee representative, for the efforts for DIZ. Thanks are also given to the members of the Nominating Committee (Vicki Pearse, Damhnait McHugh and Jim Carlton) and the judges for the Best Student Paper/Poster competition.

Secretary's Report
Susie Balser reports that the SICB News and divisional newsletters will appear in electronic format on the web in the spring of 1999 and thereafter. Prior to posting the newsletter on the web, members will be sent an e-mail message and mailed a postcard informing them of this change. For this spring, a printed copy can be requested.

Vicki Pearse, chair of the DIZ Nominating Committee, announces that this spring DIZ will conduct two elections, one for chair-elect and the other for program officer. Members of the Nominating Committee are thanked by Damhnait for their considerable efforts in selecting candidates for these positions. Electronic ballots will be used for future elections. For those with limited electronic resources, a paper ballot can be requested.

This change in format will greatly reduce the cost of the newsletter (and elections), conserve resources (paper), and allow more diversity in the newsletter. The SICB business office intends to track "hits" via the web on the newsletter and also asked for comments from the readership.

Program Officer's Report
Damhnait McHugh reports that DIZ is well represented by symposia and that this meeting boasts 41 contributed papers and 20 posters. The Best Student Paper competition had 14 paper and seven poster entries.

The abstract deadline for the 2000 SICB Annual Meeting in Atlanta is August 13. All abstracts will be received and "printed" electronically. Additionally, all programming will be available via the SICB web site. This will eliminate the mailing of the Final Program. Several members expressed concern about the loss of the convenience of the book, citing that this year, although titles were listed on the web, room numbers were not. Members attending the meeting can still pick-up the printed program and abstracts at registration. Questions were raised, but not answered, about the possibility of paying a fee to receive the printed journal prior to the meeting.

For this upcoming meeting, the schedule of papers and posters will be arranged according to topic rather than by division. Although the sessions arranged by topic might be dominated by a division, this new method of scheduling will hopefully reduce conflicts and streamline the proceedings. Damhnait relays that at the SICB program officers meeting, steps were implemented to assign a logo to each division and that this logo accompany the listings of contributed presentations. This will allow recognition of divisional affiliation in sessions arranged by topic.

John Pearse, SICB program officer, reported that nine possible symposia have been offered for the Atlanta meeting, including topics such as Antarctic biology, marine plant-animal interactions, life at the edge and hox genes. Proposals for symposia should be submitted by April 1999, and all organizers are encouraged to apply for external funding.

The dates for the 2001 meetings in Chicago are Jan. 3-7, and members are encouraged to begin planning presentations and symposia.

Student/Postdoctoral Affairs Committee Report
Shea Tuberty reported that this year's Student/Postdoctoral Affairs Committee (SPAC) workshop on grant writing was attended by 70 members, down from 200 attendees last year. A reduction in planning effort and advertisement was cited as a possible reason in the decrease in participation. Topics for next year's workshops have already been discussed and include balancing careers and lifestyles, writing curriculum vitae, and career development and self confidence.

Shea requests that the SICB job site have links to external job listings and that the SPAC web site link to other job/career web pages. He also asked for better advertising for student and postdoctoral events, such as social gatherings and workshops and for inclusion of these events in future meeting programs. Members with ideas or information along these lines should contact Sarah Woodley.

Task Force
Damhnait encourages DIZ members to communicate with the new task forces. Subjects identified by members at the meeting that need to be addressed by the task forces are the cost of meetings to students, availability of financial support for students attending meetings, leadership and the position of undergraduate students in the Society.

Several members reiterated the problems with contacting SICB headquarters and the lack of response to e-mail and phone messages. Assuage to the expressed frustration was found in comments by Martin Feder, Mike Hadfield and Dianna Padilla who stated that this problem was being addressed and that the president can have immediate contact with the SICB business manager. Additionally, a new web address was being established to receive questions and comments from SICB members.

Bylaws
Penny Barnes, coordinator for this year's Best Student Paper award, stated that the current bylaws were not being followed. Specifically, entries in the competition were not accompanied by letters from the second author when the students were not sole author. She requested that the bylaws be changed to reflect this practice. Additionally, she noted that according to the bylaws, only winners of the DIZ Best Student Paper/Poster award were eligible to be considered for the Adrian Wenner Strong Inference award. An agreement was made to contact Adrian Wenner to determine if this is what he intended, and then to propose a change in the bylaws, if necessary.


Proposed Changes in DIZ Bylaws


The following changes concern the Best Student Presentation and Adrian M. Wenner Strong Inference Awards. These proposed amendments will be voted on at the DIZ business meeting in January 2000.

Article XVI. Graduate Student Presentation Awards
Section 1, sentence six currently reads: "...He or she must be sole author of the paper/poster or, if co-authored with an advisor as junior author, a letter from the advisor must accompany the application. That letter must state that the student alone conceived of and executed a substantial share of the reported research."

The change in this section would be to remove the underlined portion and combine sentence six and seven so that this sentence would read "The student must be sole author or senior author of the paper/poster, and, as such, have conceived of and executed a substantial share of the reported research."

Rationale for change: The rationale for this proposed change is that, in recent years, letters have not be sent as the bylaws specify. Perhaps this is because nothing in the abstract transmittal form reminds students and their professors of this clause. Changing this stipulation as suggested will bring the rule into conformity with practice. If change is rejected, we need all to be more conscientious about enforcing the rule, perhaps by placing a reminder in the instructions.

Article XVI.
Section 1, sentence four currently reads: "Among those graduate student papers and posters selected by the judging committee to receive a 'Best Student Paper Award,' one paper or poster may be designated to receive the 'Adrian M. Wenner Strong Inference Award' as specified in Section 2 below."

This sentence should be changed as follows: "Among those graduate student papers and posters competing for 'Best Student Paper Award' and 'Best Student Poster Award,' one may be designated to receive the 'Adrian M. Wenner Strong Inference Award' as specified in Section 2 below."

Rationale for change: Current wording of the bylaw stipulates that only a winner of the DIZ Best Student Paper or Poster award is eligible for the Wenner Award. The award has been made to competitors who did not win the divisional awards. More importantly, Professor Wenner states, "I did not intend for the award to go only to anyone who received another award. The purpose of the award was to serve as an educational device..." Further, in order to be consistent, it is proposed that the wording of the bylaw regarding an accompanying letter for co-authored papers apply also to the Wenner Award. Professor Wenner states, "The issue of co-authorship does not bother me --- to me that just means that more than one person has become fully aware of the power of strong inference in experimentation."

In its entirety, with some minor grammatical changes and reordering of sentences to make the whole cohesive, Article XVI, Section 1 (with changes underlined) reads as follows:

At each Annual Meeting of the SICB, the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, may give awards for the best papers and posters contributed by students. A first and second prize may be awarded in both papers and poster categories. Each award will be accompanied by a certificate of achievement. The student must be sole author or senior author of the paper/poster and, as such, have conceived of and executed a substantial share of the reported research. A student who applies to be considered must be a registered graduate student or must have received the Ph. D. within 12 months immediately prior to the meeting. Additionally, the student must be a member of the Division of Invertebrate Zoology. Among those graduate students competing for "Best Student Paper Award" and "Best Student Poster Award," one may be designated to receive the "Adrian M. Wenner Strong Inference Award" as specified in Section 2 below.


DIZ Candidates for Election

The ballot for this election will arrive via mail the week of April 19.


Candidates for Chair-elect

Rachel Ann Merz

Current Position: Associate Professor of Biology, Swarthmore College.

Professional Experience: Chair, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, 1994-97; Assistant Professor of Biology, Swarthmore College, 1985-92; Clinical Lecturer, Marine Science and Maritime Studies Center, Northeastern University, 1983-85.

Education: B.A., Western New Mexico University, 1976; M.S., University of Florida, Gainesville, 1979; Ph.D., The University of Chicago, 1984.

SICB Activities: Member since 1981; Public Affairs Committee, 1995-98; Task force for Undergraduate Education in Zoology, 1991; Chairperson for the Biomechanics session, 1990; Invited Panelist for the "Science as a Way of Knowing" colloquium, 1990; Co-chair for the workshop "The Teaching of Invertebrate Zoology," 1989; DIZ committee to plan the program for the centennial meeting, 1998; Judge for the Best Student Award for DIZ, 1988, 1997-98.

Other Memberships: Sigma Xi, President of Swarthmore Chapter, 1991-92; Vice-president of Swarthmore Chapter, 1990-91; Member of Grants-in-Aid of Research Panel, 1985-92.

Research Interests: Functional morphology using biomechanical theory and techniques to test hypotheses about the ecological or evolutionary consequences of the design of a variety of invertebrates including polychaetes, insects, crabs, gastropods and corals.

Goals Statement: For many of us, SICB is the most important annual professional forum - it is the place where we count on exchanging ideas, catching up on familiar fields, and learning what is new on the horizon. For those of us who consider DIZ our home base at SICB, the long-term strength of the division is important. Therefore, it is crucial to have programs and features that interest and reward current members and to make new members feel that they are a welcomed part of the Society. To achieve those goals, I would be active in searching for opportunities to support symposia that highlight new fields, areas of controversy and issues of applied biology including conservation biology. I would also focus on continued and improved coordination of sessions and symposia so that fewer direct conflicts with related topics in other divisions would occur during the meetings. Lastly, I would look for ways to support and integrate new members (especially student members) in the division.

Craig M. Young

Current Position: Senior Scientist, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution; Professor of Biological Science, Florida Institute of Technology; Visiting Professor of Life Sciences, Kings College, University of London.

Professional Experience: Sessional Lecturer, University of Alberta, 1981-82; Associate in Research, Florida State University, 1982-85; Assistant Scientist, 1985-88, Associate Scientist, 1988-93, Senior Scientist, 1993-present, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution; Visiting Faculty Member, Marine Biological Laboratories, Bamfield Marine Station, Darling Marine Center, Kristineberg Marine Biological Station, Sweden, University of Southampton, U.K.

Education: B.S., Brigham Young University, 1975; M.S., Brigham Young University, 1978; Ph.D., University of Alberta, 1982; Summer courses at Friday Harbor Laboratories, Hopkins Marine Station.

SICB Activities: Member since 1980; Co-organizer of two symposia: "Cracking a Black Box: Field Inferences in the Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae" (San Francisco, 1988) and "Reproduction, Larval Biology, and Recruitment of the Deep-Sea Benthos" (Atlanta, 1991); DIZ Nominating Committee, 1990; Best student paper award committee, 1988, 1989, 1999; SICB Membership Committee chair, 1998-2001.

Other Memberships: American Microscopical Society, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Ecological Society of America, International Society of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Scottish Association for Marine Science,Western Society of Naturalists.

Research Interests: Reproduction, development and early life-history ecology with emphasis on invertebrates of the deep sea, including hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Fjords, deep reefs and subtidal rock-wall communities. Systematics and functional morphology of ascidians and echinoderms. History of biology and oceanography.

Goals Statement: Focus on sub-cellular mechanisms and ever-increasing reliance on a limited number of model systems threaten to de-emphasize traditional organismal and comparative approaches in university biology curricula. DIZ is particularly well positioned to encourage training of biologists who appreciate and study the full range of biotic diversity. SICB can help by enhancing opportunities for students to interact with broadly trained older scientists and by increasing resources that permit students to participate in field courses.

Candidates for Program Officer

Alissa Arp

Current Position: Director and Professor of Biology, Romberg Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies, San Francisco State University

Professional Experience: Postgraduate Research Biologist, University of California Santa Barbara. 1983-84; Postgraduate Research Biologist, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1984-86; Assistant Research Biologist, Biology Dept., San Francisco State University, 1986-88; Visiting Scientist, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, 1988-89; Associate Professor of Biology, San Francisco State University, 1989-94; Professor of Biology, San Francisco State University, 1994-present; Director, Romberg Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies, SFSU, 1995-present.

Education: Sonoma State University, B.A., Biology 1977; University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, Ph.D., Biology, 1982; University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Post Doc Biochemistry, 1986.

SICB Activities: Member since 1980; Committee for Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry Proposed Symposium Organizer for Atlanta 2000, "Life on the Edge: Survival in Hostile Environments"; Member-at-Large, Executive Committee, 1998-present; Judge for Student Paper/Poster Award Committee for Division of Invertebrate Zoology, 1999; Symposium Organizer (1993) and American Zoologist Symposium Volume Editor (1994), "Life with Sulfide"; Committee Chairperson 1988; Judge Student Paper/Poster Award, 1987.

Other Memberships: American Association for the Advancement of Science, The Association for Women in Science, American Physiological Association, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Sigma Xi.

Research Interests: Ecological physiological and biochemical mechanisms of animal adaptation to environment. Sulfide tolerance and detoxification in mudflat invertebrates. Ecology and physiology of hydrothermal vent organisms.

Goals Statement: My principal goal as the DIZ program officer is to continue to promote and expand presentation of original research results through increased participation of students and underrepresented minorities, and through integration between the Division of Invertebrate Zoology and other SICB divisions, especially the Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry.

Larry R. McEdward

Current Position: Associate Professor of Zoology, Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Professional Experience: Killam Postdoctoral Scholar, University of Alberta, 1984-87; Visiting Scholar, University of Washington, 1988-89; Summer Faculty, Bamfield Marine Station, 1987-88; Assistant Professor, University of Florida, 1989-94; Summer Faculty, Friday Harbor Laboratories, 1988, 89, 91, 94, 96, 99; Associate Professor, University of Florida, 1994-present.

Education: B.A., University of New Hampshire, 1977; M.S., University of South Florida, 1979; Ph.D., University of Washington, 1984.

SICB Activities: Member since 1978; DIZ contributed paper session chair; DIZ Best Student Paper Awards judge at several Annual Meetings.

Other Memberships: Sigma Xi, American Society of Naturalists.

Research Interests: My research is on the ecology of marine invertebrate larvae and the evolution of developmental patterns. I study reproductive energetics, larval feeding, patterns of morphogenesis, and life cycle evolution using laboratory experiments and computer models. I believe that the synthesis of larval ecology, evolutionary developmental biology and life history theory will generate new insights into the patterns and diversity of animal life cycles.

Goals Statement: As program officer of DIZ, I would encourage symposia that highlight the contributions of invertebrate diversity studies to integrative biology. This would include interdivisional symposia with several different divisions of our Society, such as the Division of Ecology and Evolution, the Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, the Division of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, and the newly established Division of Evolutionary Developmental Biology. Also I would like to explore how DIZ could work with the SICB Educational Council to address discrepancy between the growing importance of biodiversity issues in science and society and the decline in taxonomic training in undergraduate and graduate curricula.

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